31 May Internal security threats : An analysis in context to changing paradigm in past years
Internal security threats – Today Current Affairs
For the last two months , everywhere in print media and the electronic media the main headlines are related to the Russia – Ukraine conflict . India is facing several challenges for internal and external securities. These are completely ignored by mainstream media . Apart From it , the increasing economic crisis that evolved during several months is also ignored . Recently , several killings in J&K and Punjab and increasing Maoist activities are the most prominent incidents related to threats for internal security
Today Current Affairs
It has been observed that incidents of personal killings have increased for the last several months. Almost daily such types of incidents are happening in Jammu and Kashmir. However the militant activities have been continuing in Kashmir ever since 1947, but after the dilution of 370, the trend and the nature of militant activities had changed during the last 2 years . Most of the militants are locally supported , however the across border support is also continuing . but the increasing local support of the militant definitely must be analyzed . One reason behind this may be the absence of any representative governments .
Similarly the Maoist activities are also increasing for several months. Renly , in Chhattisgarh Maoist killed many leaders of the congress as well as security personals .Another shocking challenge for the internal security are the incidents of the individual killings in Punjab in past one month .
What are shortcomings and limitations of the security vigils in India : The Hindu Analysis
There are several limitations of the security vigils in India which should be shorted out
- Security agencies can keep a close eye on the security of the country but these agencies must be in proper coordination with the police (Security forces) of the particular states . These forces can only deal with the immediate threat. If these forces have led to any security threat on time, it could be stopped . Therefore proper coordination is required. The Hindu Analysis
- A permanent measure and plan must be adopted by the state. But it can tackle the forthcoming incidents. To tackle immediate incidents , the state government should also develop such efficient information channels coordinating with central agencies
- All agencies should not think that priority must be given to border security challenges . Internal and external, both securities are equally needed . For internal security, agencies must be more efficient and professional , because the forces threatening the state have lately become nimbler in adopting new technologies and modes of warfare. The Hindu Analysis
- Both the authorities and security agencies should acknowledge the importance of resorting to statecraft as a vital adjunct to the role played by the security agencies. Because statecraft involves fine-grained comprehension of inherent problems; also an ability to quickly respond to political challenges.
- Equal emphasis on implementation of policies and programmes must be given . Everything should not leave on the security agencies
A security threat in South : The Hindu Anaysis
Apart from the security threat in J and K, intelligence and police officials appear concerned about a likely revival of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)-sponsored activities in Tamil Nadu. a possible revival of LTTE-sponsored militancy in Sri Lanka following the recent economic crises is also observed . It is also observed that an attempt could be made to reach out to elements in Tamil Nadu to revive the spirit of the 1980s.This situation again needs deft statecraft to prevent a resurgence of the past.
Security threat in Punjab : The Hindu Analysis
Recently it has also been observed that some incidents of the pro Khalistan movement and the individual killings have increased which is the result of the failure of the cooperation of state security agencies and the central agencies. These pro Khalistani incidents are the acts of the sleeper cells .pro-Khalistan sentiment is present in pockets in the United Kingdom and in Europe, it has not been in evidence in India for some time.
The security threat in Northeast Region : The Hindu Analysis
In Northeast regions, however, up to maximum extent we have successfully settled the issues of the tribal , but this is some evidence of the revival of the ULFA (United Liberation Front of Asom–Independent ) again in Assam . Currently all the militant operations in northeast regions are being operated from Myanmar with the support of China or Pakistan. Latest report of the security agencies is more dangerous in which it is stated that ULFA had started the recruitment of the soldiers . Similarly, the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (I-M) again started shouting for the resolution of their issue . Both instances merit the use of statecraft so that the situation does not get out of hand.
The Maoist security threats in tribal areas : The Hindu Analysis
After a long gap , the Maoist activities again restarted in the tribal regions of Chhattisgarh. Generally Maoist never believed in the killings of the civilians , they are inspired from the Charu Majumdar who demanded for their rights. But after the observation of the trends of the killing in tribal regions by the Nuclides it is almost clear that they are now being influenced with the foreign countries
Security Threats in Kashmir : The Hindu Analysis
If we observe the style of the individual killings in Kashmir , we clearly point out the changing trends before the dilution of the art 370. Before the dilution of article 370, however militant activities were there but generally militants were not supported by the local people. Earlier culprits were either army personnel or politicians or any loyal to the government of India . But recently it has been observed that the killings are the targeted and done individually supported by the locals . Evidently, the doctrine of containment pursued by the Jammu and Kashmir police and security agencies is not having the desired effect. Security analysts believe that a sizable segment of the new cadres fall into what they perceive as ‘unpredictable’, and this further aggravates the situation. In Jammu and Kashmir today, as also elsewhere, there is no all-in-one grand strategy to deal with the situation. The missing ingredient is statecraft which alone can walk in step with the changing contours of a long-standing problem.
Today Current Affairs
As per the above discussion , it is almost clear that India is facing several challenges of internal security as well. Our main concern is that those organizations (militant) which had been crushed before 2-3 decades are again trying to revive . This situation can be only tackled by the strategy of statecraft . A multi tier security strategy is needed with the coordination of state security forces and the state security agencies , central security forces and the agencies and some other new institutions, if needed should be constituted. Because , internal security is more essential in comparison to border security. Our Armed forces are ready to counter any external threat but the internal threats can be countered only with the coordination of all agencies and the political parties as well as the public irrespective of any caste, religion etc. Increasing communalism is also a big threat for the internal security. These security challenges are the by product of the communalism.
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