Context : On the Auspicious occasion of the rangoli various types of Rangolis are being depicted in each housed of India and many artisans they earned their name in this art
Rangoli as the Cultural Heritage
Rangoli is not only modern art which we see in modern days only on the occasion of Diwali, This is the one of the oldest art of India which has been popular in India during Vedic period and even in Ancient India , it has been too popular . This is a folk art , generally made on the floor .
In Ancient India , natural colours were used in the Rangoli, those colors were obtained from leaf , cow dunk etc .
As per the Indian tradition , it first originated in Maharashtra and from Maharashtra it spreaded in the entire India gradually . In Southern India it is known as with the name of kolam and In rajasthan it is known as madonna and in bihar it is known as Arpana
In fact in ancient India people used to decorate their houses with rangoli
In Maharashtra , we see the Rangoli made daily in front of the houses .
This art is made three dimensionally on the floor on any auspicious occasion , (Birthday, marriage , or any religious festival )
On the occasion of Diwali it is made for welcoming Laxi, the goddess of prosperity
According to the Chitralakshana (A text of Mukul Raj Ananad in which the history of Indian painting has been described, Published by national Book Trust Delhi in 1989 )
As per the description of Chitralakshana , there is a story regarding a king, and his kingdom were steeped in sorrow at the death of the high priest’s son.
The king prayed to Lord Brahma for blessings and gave life to his son . When Brahma accepted his prayer he asked the king to paint a portrait of the boy on the floor so that he could breathe life into it.and from this incident this art evolved . This art is made on the floor by using rice, rice, flour and flowers and through this art people worship the God
In Rangoli , frist we clean the dusted floor and then we make some designs (three dimensional by drawing rows and columns ) . We use various colours to decorate it The colours are used in powder form or the grains like rice and wheat may be coloured first and then it may be used
This art is described in various other ancient Indian texts also . The Bharat Muni also describes Rangoli in Natyashastra . This art is also described in other ancient texts like Ramayana, Mahabharata , Bhagwatgita and other texts also .
In the vaishnava sect, this art was popular in Tamilnadu also. Among Alwar saints , this art was most popular, there is description in Tamil Texts in which it is stated that there is an auspicious month Margashirsha which is dedicated to the worship of lord Vishnu and Amman . During 8th century , this alvar saint had no children for long and when he prayed for God , by grace of God he was gifted a daughter
In this way, we see that Rangoli art is religious as well as historically significant artwork .