07 Feb Requirements in the The Ancient Monuments and the Archeological sites and Remains (AMASR) Act 1958 : An Analysis
Requirements in the The Ancient Monuments and the Archeological sites and Remains (AMASR) Act 1958- Today Current Affairs
Context : The 100 meter radius around centrally protected monuments where construction is prohibited could be replaced with site specific limits to be decided by an expert committee, as the Union Culture Ministry was working on amendments to the relevant Act
Introduction : The protection and preservation of our ancient monuments is the duty of the state and even it is our fundamental duty. The preservation and the protection of ancient monuments was started by the state from the period of Curzon . After Independence India The Ancient Monuments and the Archeological sites and Remains (AMASR) Act 1958 is there according to which 100 meter radius of protected area is declared as prohibited area. It means no construction can be done within this prohibited area and the 300 meter radius of the protected monument is declared as the regulated area . It means some building under some guideline can be built in these areas. Today Current Affairs.
But now the government wants to amend this Act. Earlier this act was amended in 2010 . Government has constituted a Parliamentary standing committee in this regard as per the reports of this committee there was no specific reason for the 100-meter and 300-meter limits.
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Why the Amendment is required in Archeological sites and Remains (AMASR) Act 1958: The Hindu Analysis
This bill was again amended and a new Bill Ancient Monuments and Archeological Sites and Remains (Amendment) Bill, 2017 was introduced and provision was added that in regulated areas , some construction could be done after the permission of the government . But It will incense the interference of the Builder Mafia therefore It should be amended. Today Current Affairs.
However in this new bill, it has been also stated that, the prohibition in restricted area also creating obstacle in front of some public welfare policies of the central government In this Bill, it is clearly tries to define Public welfare works of the central government so that there would not be any restriction on those works and these prohibition areas must be site specific . This amendment will bring drastic change in tourism because only government works should be carried out around monuments so that Land Mafia would not encroach in such types of prohibited and regulated areas. The amendment bill is passed in Lok Sabha and still is to pass in Rajya Sabha.
The proposed amendment would change section 20 A of the act which refers to the prohibited area, to rationalize the prohibited and regulated areas. Expert monument committees would decide the prohibited area around a monument.
Conclusion : The Hindu Analysis
The protection and preservation of ancient monuments is not only the duty of the public but also it is the responsibility of the state to protect our cultural heritage. These monuments are the symbol of our cultural heritage . Therefore their protection is required. But , in changing scenarios , some changes are also needed in the current bill so that prohibited areas near the protected monument should be decided by a committee of experts related to the monument and Government works should be allowed in the prohibited area after the recommendation of the committee, if the works are for public causes .
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GS paper 1 and 2
Source : The Hindu