17 May The Concept of Sustainable Development : Aa analysis in context to the achievement of the Odisha
The Concept of Sustainable Development : Aa analysis in context to the achievement of the Odisha – Today Current Affairs
Recently a report is published regarding the achievement of the goals of the sustainable development and Odisha has made good strides in implementing the ‘climate action’ and ‘life below water’ sustainable developments goals.
Today Current Affairs
Recently a report was published by the NITI Aayog based on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of 2020-21 . In this report it is informed that the United nation provided the index to the country States and Union Territories (UTs). And as per the index of the United nation , it seems that we are gradually moving towards the goals of SDGs and no State fared in the ‘Aspirant’ category, the lowest in the index. All the states of India scored more than 50(United nation gives marks between 0 to 100 to each region based on its performance).
Among Indian states, 13 States featuring in the ‘Performer’ category and 15 in the ‘Front Runner’ category (the second-highest position).If we see the overall performance of the India stepped into the ‘Front Runner’ category with a score of 60.07 points (Regarding SDG implementation).
However our performance remained good but still the index dropped two ranks in the ordinal scale. Some of our neighboring countries performed better than us (Bangladesh , Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka , China). We scored 60.07 (Rank 120 /193. ) India did well in implementing SDGs 6,7, 11 and 12, which are ‘clean water and sanitation’, ‘affordable and clean energy’, ‘sustainable cities and communities’, and ‘sustainable consumption and production’, respectively, but did not do well in many others.
What is the concept of Sustainable development : The Hindu Analysis
The Concept of Sustainable development is the overarching paradigm of the United Nations. Sustainable development refers to the development in the present keeping the the availability of the resources for future . In other words, sustainable development is the development intacting the resources for the future also. The Hindu Analysis
We learnt the concept of sustainable development from our history. There is much evidence in history in which we find the decline of any civilization after the excess urbanization. In excess urbanization , people exploited the natural resources beyond the limit. Gradually , it became the reason for the degradation of the environment and it brought natural disasters in the form of flood, earthquake drought etc. Therefore we should extract the natural resources in such a way it could be saved for the future generation . This concept is the concept of sustainable development .
Performance of the Odisha : The Hindu Analysis
However the national ranking dropped, Odisha saw a three-point improvement in its overall score and settled at 61 points. It topped in the implementation of two SDGs — 13 and 14, which are ‘climate action’ and ‘life below water’, respectively. This is a big achievement for Odisha . Odisha did commendable job in the field of climate change disaster risk measures with sustainable natural resource management into national development strategies, the State scored 70 points. This successfully reduced the emission of carbon . Odisha government successfully saved the carbon dioxide through promoting LED bulbs .
In the ‘life below’ water SDG, which aims to conserve oceans, seas and marine resources by preventing marine pollution and illegal fishing practices, Odisha scored 82. The State showed improved shore water quality and saw a 3.19% increase in the area under mangroves. The ranking of Odisha in these two goals are everywhere appraisable because as per the Asia and the Pacific SDG Progress Report 2021, the Asia-Pacific region showed a decline/regression in its commitment to goals 13 and 14 of the SDGs. The Hindu Analysis
Odisha’s improvement in these two goals brough overall good score for India otherwise the score of India could be reduced more . The Odisha government allocated a good fund for the climate change of various departments including forests, fisheries, disaster management and agriculture. In the budget of 2022, the Odisha government allocated a separate budget for the SDG. The SDG Budget provides cross-department linkages and shows the State’s commitment towards implementing SDG 4 (quality education), SDG 10 (reduced inequalities), and SDG 2 (zero hunger). These goals will be provided 16.8%, 15.4%, and 10.2% of the SDG Budget, respectively. Odisha also scored 83 points on SDG 15, ‘life on land’ (protecting, restoring and promoting the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems). The Hindu Analysis
In the 21st century , the issue of climate change and global warming is the most significant issue . This climate change can bring natural disasters in the future . therefore we all, mainly the developed countries should come forward in this regard.
Today Current Affairs
To achieve the goals of sustainable development , India is moving gradually and very soon India would achieve the goals of sustainable development. For achieving the task of the country every state of India should play its important role . Odish is playing its role very well but some of the states of India ,their performance in this regard is very poor (Like Bihar, Jharkhand and Assam). The performance of the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu as well as Odisha is good . All other states of India should give their contribution to the country for achieving the SDGs . Odisha also scored 83 points on SDG 15, ‘life on land’ (protecting, restoring and promoting the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems).
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Source : The Hindu
GS Paper I and Paper III